How to survive a dog attack.
1. Before the attack.
When a dog starts to growl and bark angrily at you. Here's what to do.
i) Do not panic.
Fear won't do you any good, most dogs are likely to attack when they sense fear in you. Try as much as possible to remain still and calm, regardless of what the dog is doing to frightening you.
ii) Do not make eye contact and keep your lips closed.
In as much as it's hard to look away, it's the best thing to do. Dogs feel threaten when you look it in the eyes, some feel challenged, while some dogs feel that you're bold enough to fight.
III) Back away slowly, but don't turn away.
While facing the dog, it's advisable to move slowly away from it without turning away, take few steps backward while you observe its body movement.
Iv) Do not run
Most people get attacked when they attempt to run away from the situation, which triggers the dog to go further with the attack. You are more likely to be chased and believe me, no one runs faster than a dog. An average dog runs 40 km/h, while an average human runs 19 km/h. The odds are high, you can't outrun a dog.
Iv) Do not attempt to play tough.
A dog has; Fangs, claws, more bones than you do, combined with its anger, it's capable of causing harm. A dog who attacks is already angry, don't further aggregate it by hitting or attempting to kick it.
2. When it attacks.
I. Maintain your ground.
The first action a dog is going to take when it attacks is to try to plunge you to the ground. Resist falling as well as you can.
II. Find something to shield yourself from its teeth.
A dog is likely to bite as soon as it gets closer. The only way to prevent it is to find something that it'll bite instead. A stick, your bag, your purse, anything apart from your body. Do not shield yourself with your arm, it's more likely to bite it.
III) Pretend to pick something from the ground.
If this doesn't scare the dog away, then you're done for. Most dogs are afraid of being stoned and these types of dogs are more likely to back out or run away when you pick a stone, while other dogs will get angry and attack with more rage.
3. At the heat.
I. Protect your face, neck.
Face and neck should be protected when a dog is on top of you. The neck contains arteries, when ruptured it can result in excessive bleeding which is fatal. Make sure it doesn't bite off any part of your face, look aside when it's on you, and ball up.
II. Push it with your fist.
Clench your fist before pushing it away. Fingers are most likely to be bitten off once it reaches its mouth. Push its lower body, don't go for the head.
III. Keep still when it bites.
If the dog bites you and is it seems not to let go any sooner, move your arm or body part into the dog's mouth, rather than trying to pull it out. This will prevent more damage to you through tearing. Keep the dog from shaking its head or your body if they do not release. The less you struggle, the less harm it does.
Iv) Shout for help.
This is one way to get help to notify people around, particularly the dog owner.
4) After the attack.
I. Get away from the scene.
A dog is capable of multiple attacks, especially when the person it intends to attack is still in reach.
II. Go see the doctor.
A dog bite is more deadly than you think, regardless of how a dog's teeth may seem clean, there are lots of dangerous bacteria that are capable of transmitting deadly infections. Below or infection that can be transmitted through a dog bite.
- Rabies: This is one of the most common infections caused by a dog bite. It's a deadly virus spread to people from the saliva of an infected animal. Dogs that aren't vaccinated are capable of spreading this disease through a bite.
Symptoms: fever, headache, excess salivation, muscle spasms, paralysis, and mental confusion.
- Capnocytophaga bacteria (germs) can spread to people through scratches, (bites), licks, or other close contact with animals like cats and dogs. Currently, there is no commercially available vaccine for Capnocytophaga a genus of Gram-negative bacteria (germs) infections. The pathogen can even be found in the saliva of healthy dogs and cats.
Oozing blisters — A small bubble between the layers of the skin that contains watery or bloody fluid and is caused by friction and pressure, burning, freezing, chemical irritation, disease, or infection.
— Joint swelling.
III. Get treated.
This should be done by a professional, and it's advisable to be done immediately after the attack, further delay could result in complications.
Iv. Avoid the dog.
There's a high tendency that it will attack again when next it sees you.
5)How to prevent a dog attack.
I. Don't be alone with a dog when the owner is away.
II. Knock or call the owner before getting into a premise where there's a dog, do not go in until you're told to do so.
III. Seek permission from a dog owner before playing with their dog.
Iv. Be kind to dogs.
V. When a dog stares at you for long, do not stare back. Look away.
Vi. You do not run when you're scared of a dog, it may activate its prey instinct. This will result in attacking when it intends to defend itself.
Vii. Don't throw an object at a dog, no matter how small it may seem.
Viii. If a dog is not interested in paying, do not force it.
Ix. When a dog barks at you, do not mimic it by barking at it. This is one thing that angry a dog.
X. Do not underestimate a dog.
Remember: Dogs do speak, but only to those who know how to listen.