Overview of Postpartum Depression

What a mother should know about Postpartum Depression

The birth of a child means a lot to society and newborn children are received with high emotions and celebrations. To the mother, a bundle of joy after nine whooping months, finally! But, what some face, especially mothers, after delivery isn't an easy course. Some if not get postpartum depression immediately after giving birth.

Postpartum depression is a depression suffered by mothers due to hormonal changes, postnatal depression, and physiological changes. Typically, a woman may experience the "baby blue" symptoms for a period of 3 to 5 days which then resolve on their own. However, postpartum depression can last many months and to an extent, some of those that encounter postpartum depression get suicidal.

Common symptoms of postpartum depression

1. Mood swings

2. Panic attack

3. Anger

4. Anxiety

5. Guilt

6. Irritability

7. Weight loss or weight gain

8. Restlessness

9. Loss of appetite

10. Depression or fear

11. Insomnia

12. Difficulty bonding with the baby

13. Crying

If you are a new mother, please watch out for the following symptoms. This information may be of help in self-assessment.

Causes of postpartum depression

1. Physiological adjustments after giving birth

2. Hormonal changes after birth; drop in estrogen and progesterone levels

3. Postnatal depression; self-image (self-esteem) is lowered and a lady may feel less attractive.

4. Lack of sleep

5. Anxiety

Treatment of postpartum depression

Postpartum depression can be managed by:

1. Taking antidepressants, anti-anxiety, or antipsychotic medications

2. Counseling

3. For severe cases, brexanolone (IV) may be prescribed